SOMETHING, SOMEONE. ETC
anything anywhere no one
1. I went nowhere fast night. I stayed at home.
2. Elis has something to do. She looks very busy.
3. I saw somebody crossing the road
4. Everything you want is not everything you need.
5. There is nothing in the bottle.
= There is not anything in the bottie.
Nowhere = not anywhere
Nobody = not anybody
Nothing = not anything
Anything else = sesuatu yang lain (ada…..)
Somewhere else = di/ke suatu tempat yang lain
Nobody else = tak seorang lainpun
Who else = siapa lagi?
What else = apa lagi?
31. ELLIPTIC and CONCORD
1. Both ……and
Affan is in the third year. Habib is in the third year.
Both Affan and Habib are in the third year.
She saw the film and I saw the film.
Both she and I saw the film.
Sherly looks cheerful. Sara looks cheerful.
Both Sherly and Sara look cheerful.
Either she or we aren’t absent from the meeting.
= Either we or she isn’t absent from the meeting.
Rini forgot where she put her new dictionary.
It’s either in the living room or in her bedroom
3. Neither…….. nor
He isn ‘t a teacher. He isn ‘t a doctor.
= He is neither a teacher nor a doctor.
He doesn’t say rude things. They don’t say rude things.
= Neither he nor they say rude things
= Neither they nor he says rude thinqs
I will write a letter. I will write a short story.
= / will write a letter and a short story.
I don’t see Adam. David sees Adam
= I don’t see Adam but David does.
We can answer the question. They can’t answer the question.
= we can answer the question but they can’t.
You can go by ous. You can go by taxi.
= You can go by bus or by taxi.
7. Whether…….or not
I will give you the money although you need it or you don’t rn^ed it.
= I will give you the money whether you need it or not.
I wear raincoat whether it is raining or not.
= I wear raincoat regardless of the weather.
8. Not only………but also
You will meet the president. You’ll get some gifts.
= You will not only meet the president but also get some gifts.
Mr. Miller is too busy to leave his office.
= Mr. Miller is so busy that he can’t leave his office, (so + adjective + that)
= Mr Miller is such a busy man that he can’t leave his office.
My brother is so busy that I rarely meet him.
He dresses so quickly that he puts his boots on the wrong feet. (so + adverb,+,lbst)
I prefer tea to coffee
Tom prefers driving to travelling by train.
Tom prefers to drive rather than travel by train.
I’d rather stay at home than go to the movie.
She likes watching TV better than listening to the radio.
Mary wears raincoat because it is raining, (because + clause)
= Mary wears raincoat because of the rain. (because of + Noun)
12. In order to/that
She studies hard in order to pass the examin ation. (in order to + Verb-1)
She turned the radio down in order not to disturb her neighbour.
He worked haru in order that he earned enough money, (in order that + clause)
John didn’t wear raincoat although it was raining, (although + clause)
= John didn’t wear raincoat in spite of/despite the rain. (in spite of/despite + noun)
14. A number + Plural Noun + plural Verb/to be
The number + Plural Noun + singular verb / to be
15. Compare No book is expensive
No books are expensive, (mengacu pada kata yang ditekankan)
Neither of + Verb / auxiliary (singular)
• Every student has to obey the school regulation, (bukan: have)
• One of those two boys is my brother, (bukan: are)