Yang dimaksud dengan ‘Word Order’ adalah penyusunan kata dalam bentuk suatu frase / frase
kata benda (Noun Phrase) atau kalimat.
NOUN PHRASE

Beberapa kata yang sama, apabila disusun dengan urutan yang berbeda, akan menghasilkan arti yang berbeda; contoh:

  1. a window glass = sebuah kaca jendela
    a glass window = sebuah jendela kaca
  2. The forest animal = binatang hutan itu
    the animal forest = hutan binatang itu

Untuk mempermudah penyusunan frase kata benda agar sesuai dengan ide yang diinginkan, digunakan rumus: DOECH

a book

D                     H

a good book

D           E                      H

a good English book

D           E           C                    H

a very   good new English book

D         O         E             C                    H

  1. D = Diterminer, yaitu:
    a. Articles (a, an, the)
    b. Possessives (my, your, his, her, our, their)
    c. Demonstratives (this, that, these, those)
    d. Quantitatives ( some, many, much, a lot of, few, a little, etc.)
  1. O= Ordinative, yaitu:
    a. numerals ( one, two, first, second, single, double, etc.)
    b. Adjectives yang mempunyai: -er, more- (bentuk comparative); -est, most- (superlative),

dan very
Contoh: the two students
a smaller class
the most interesting story

  1. E = Ephitet, yaitu;
    Adjective yang bisa memiliki ( tetapi tidak memiliki) -er, – est, more-, most-, dan very
    Contoh:                  a strong man

D     E                H

a stronger man

D         O           H


a very strong man

  1. 4. C = Classifying, yaitu:

Kata benda yang berfungsi sebagai kata sifat.
Contoh:

Indonesian singers
the national movement
a swimming pool
his gold watch

  1. 5. H=Head

Kata pokok atau kata utama dalam frase.
Contoh:      a swimming pool

the most beautiful American lady

  • Susunan DOECH tidak boleh dibolak-balik.( fixed Construction)

Apabila dalam suatu frase kata benda terdapat lebih dan satu E harus digunakan pembantu yaitu:

DI SI        A   T    SHA    CO

E = DI     SI     A     T      SHA     CO

DI        = Descriptive enumerator: bad, good, pretty, beautiful, boring, interesting, clever, sharp,

etc.
SI         = Size: big, wide, shallow, little, short, high, deep, thick, etc.
A         = Age: new, old, young
T          = Temperature: hot, cold, cool, warm.

SHA    = Shape: round, flat, square, triangular, etc.

CO      = Color: black, red, white, etc.

D O E C H
DI SI A T SHA CO

Contoh:

1. Her beautiful large new square white house
2. An interesting thick old black story book
3. The pretty deep cold mountain river
4. The clever tall young Indonesian actor
5. A good small old round yellow gold watch

Advertisements

About englishcyber4u

1 want to have useful life for people around me..and 1 want to write till 1 die..

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s