1. NOUN FORMATION.

Kata benda bentukan (NOUN FORMATION) dari VERB dapat digolongkan menjadi beberapa kelompok, yaitu:

  1. Dengan menambahkan suffix ‘-er’, ‘-or’, ‘-ar’, ‘ist’, ‘-ant’, ‘-ent’:
    act                 – bermain sandiwara                 actor                            – aktor
    beg                – memohon                               beggar                          – pengemis
    collect           – mengumpulkan                       collector                       – pengumpul

compose       – menggubah                             composer                     – penggubah

conquer         – menaklukkan              conqueror                     – penakiuk

direct             –  memimpin                             director                        – pemimpin
employ          – mempekerjakan                     employer                      – majikan

invent            – menemukan                            inventor                        – penemu
lead               – memimpin                              leader                           – pemimpin

preach           – berdakwah                             preacher                       – juru dakwah

ride               – menunggang                           rider                             – penunggang
sail                – berlayar                                 sailor                            – pelaut
trade                         – berdagang                              trader                           – pedagang
visit               – mengunjungi               visitor                           – pengunjung
inhabit           – menghuni                                inhabitant                      – penghuni

occupy          – menghuni                                occupant                      – penghuni
participate     – turut serta                               participant                    – peserta

preside          – mengepalai                             president                      – presiden

study             – belajar                                   student                         – pelajar
type               – mengetik                                typist                            – juru ketik

  1. Dengan menambohkan suffix ‘-all’:

approve         – menyetujui                              approval                       – restu

arrive             – datang                                    arrival                           – kedatangan
bury              – mengubur                               burial                            – penguburan

propose         – mengusulkan              proposal                       – usul

refuse            – menolak                                 refusal                          – penolakan
try                 – mencoba                                trial                               – percobaan

  1. 3. Dengan menambahkan suffix ‘-ure’, ‘-ture’, ‘-ature’:

depart           – berangkat                               departure                      – keberangkatan

fail                 – gagal                                      failure                           – kegagalan
fix                  – memasang                              fixture                           – peralatan tetap

furnish           – melengkapi                             furniture                        – mebelair

mix                – mencampur                            mixture             – compuran

please            – menyenangkan                       pleasure                        – kesenangan

press             – menekan                                pressure                       – tekanan

sign               – menandatangani                      signature                       – tanda tangan

  1. 4. Dengan menambahkan suffix ‘-y’, ‘-ery’, ‘-ary’:

injure             – melukai                                  injury                            – luka

deliver           – mengirimkan               delivery                        – kiriman

rob                – merampok                             robbery                        – perampokan

bribe             – menyuap                                bribery                         – penyuapan

bound            – membatasi                              boundary                      – batas

  1. 5. Dengan menambahkan suffix ‘-age’:

carry             – mengangkut                            carriage                        – kereta
marry            – mengawini                              marriage                       – perkawinan
pack              – membungkus              package                       – bungkusan

  1. Dengan menambohkcin suffix ‘-ing’

begin             – mulai                          beginning                      – permulaan
belong           – memiliki                                 belonging                      – harta benda
build – membangun                            building             – bangunan, gedung
meet              – bertemu                                 meeting             – pertemuan
suffer             – menderita                               suffering                        – penderitaan
train               – melatih                                   training             – latihan
understand     – mengerti                                 understanding               – pengertian
write              – menulis                                   writing                          – tulisan

  1. 7. Dengan menambohkan suffix ‘-ment’:

Announce      – mengumumkan                       announcement               – pengumuman
argue             – memperdebatkan                   argument                      – perdebatan
arrange          – menyusun                               arrangement                  – susunan
develop         – berkembang                           development                 – perkembangan
improve         – memperbaiki              improvement                 – perbaikan

  1. 8. Dengan perubahan

behave          – bertingkah laku                       behavior                       – kelakuan
compare        – membandingkan                     comparison                   – perbandingan

destroy          – merusak                                 destruction                    – pengrusaan
devide           – membagi                                division             – pembagian

grow             – tumbuh                                   growth                          – pertumbuhan

hate               – membenci                              hatred                           – kebencian

introduce       – memperkenalkan                    introduction                  – perkenalan

know             – mengetahui                             knowledge                    – pengetahuan

multiply          – mengalikan                             multiplication                 – perkalian

organize         – mengatur                                organization                  – pengaturan

permit            – mengijinkan                            permission                    – ijin

pray              – berdoa                                   prayer                          – doa

relate             – menghubungkan                     relation             – hubungan

serve             – melayoni                                service                          – pelayanan

NOUN FORMATION (Kata Benda bentukan) dan ADJECTIVE:

Den gan menambahkan suffix ‘- ness’

Bitter                bitterness          = kepahitan                  good                goodness          = kebaikan

Close               closness            = kedekatan                 happy               happiness         =kebahagiaan

Cool                 coolness           = kesejukan                  idle                   idleness  = kemasabodohan

Cold                 coldness           = kedinginan                 kind                  kindness = kebaikan hati

Conscious        consciousness   = kesadaran                 sharp                sharpness         = ketajaman

Dark                darkness           = kegelapan                  uneasy              uneasiness = rasa cemas,

Kegelisahan

NOUN FORMATION dari NOUN

Dengan menambahkan suffix -ist
science             scientist            = ilmuwan                     violin                violinist =pemain biola
biology biologist            = ahli biologi                 flute                  flutist    = pemain seruling
piano                pianist               = pemain piano             art                    artist                 = seniman

ADJECTIVE FORMATION

SUFFIX :                                  examples :
-y                                             sandy, windy, sunny, wealthy, bloody
-Iy                                            friendly, weekly
-ful                                           beautiful, painful, careful, plentiful
-less                                         careless, worthless, homeless, jobless
-ous, -ious                                dangerous, delicious
-al. – tal, -ial, -tial                      accidental, differential, essential
-ic, -etic. -atic                           basic, sympathetic
-ish                                           reddish, childish
-ed, -en                                    tired, golden
-ent, -ant                                  different, pleasant
-able, -ible                                reasonable, sensible, visible, enjoyable
-ive, -ative, -tive                       active, reactive, imaginative

-ing                                          interesting, tiring

VERB FORMATION

  1. Suffix —en:

Noun Verbs
fright                                   frighten

haste                                  hasten

length                                 lengthen

strength                              strengthen

threat                                  threaten

  1. Suffixes – ze, -ize :

Noun Verbs
apology                              apologize

Colony                               colonize

Critic                                  criticize

Memory                             memorize

Standard                            standardize

  1. Suffixes – fy, -ify :

Noun Verbs
beauty                                beautify

Class                                  classify

Liquid                                 liquidify

Solid                                  solidify

Terror                                terrify

  1. Other Formation :

Noun Verbs
advice                                advise

excuse                                excuse

house                                 house

use                                     use

applause                             applaud

success                               succeed

defense                               defend

offense                               offend

pretense                             pretend

belief                                  believe

proof                                  prove

relief                                   relieve                         

  1. prefix un- :

Noun Verbs
undo                                   unfasten

Unlock                               unpack

Unburden                           unbutton

Undress                              unfold

Unload                               unroll

Untie                                  unwrap

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About englishcyber4u

1 want to have useful life for people around me..and 1 want to write till 1 die..

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